Effect of coal particle swarm properties on the fluidization characteristics and coal beneficiation in a dense-phase gas–solid fluidized bed
Bo Zhanga, b, *, Chenyang Zhoua, b, Zengqiang Chena, b, Yuemin Zhaoa, b, *
This paper analyzes the influence of different coal mass fraction in an air dense medium fluidized bed (ADMFB). The effect of the low density particles layer on heavy sedimentation increased with increasing material layer thickness. The thickness of the low density particles layer also affected the final settling time of the high density particles. Increasing the thickness of the low density particles layer by Δh provoked an increase in the settling of high density particles that was related to their diameter (Δh/D). The pressure gradient across the bed was lower than that observed for the control experiment, which had only the dense material, owing to a decrease in the pressure gradient in Zones 1 and 5 (at the top and bottom of the bed, respectively). Introducing different coal sizes resulted in different fluidization environments, particle accumulation layers, and changes to the surrounding zone. However, the influence of the coal particles on the local bed characteristics was related to its concentration. The feeding mass fraction of 6–13 mm size and 13–25 mm size coal should be limited to10% and 13%, respectively. The ranges of possible deviation were found to be 0.08–0.15 and 0.07–0.10 for the respective samples.
Coal separation; Particle size distribution; Fluidized bed; Separation performance