Continuous segregation of binary heterogeneous solids in fluidized beds
M. Prasad Babu, P.S.T. Sai*, K. Krishnaiah
Continuous segregation of a binary mixture of heterogeneous (different density) solids is carried out in a gas–solid fluidized bed. We investigate how gas velocity, solids feed rate, flotsam feed composition, bottom discharge pipe diameter, and minimum fluidization velocity ratio of the flotsam to jetsam particles influence the solids holdup, separation factor, and product quality (flotsam purity at the top outlet). The results are interpreted in terms of solids holdup information. The results indicate that the separation factor decreases when the gas velocity, bottom discharge pipe diameter, flotsam feed composition, or the minimum fluidization velocity ratio increase, while the separation factor increases as the solids feed rate increases. The product quality decreases when the gas velocity, solids feed rate, or minimum fluidization velocity ratio increase, while the product quality increases as the bottom discharge pipe diameter or flotsam feed composition increase. Correlations for predicting the separation factor and product quality are proposed using a logistic model for individual flotsam feed compositions, which satisfactorily compares with the present experimental data.
Normal fluidized bed; Continuous segregation; Heterogeneous particles; Separation factor; Holdup